The Basics of Electroplating

Electroplating is a process that covers parts in metal with a thin layer of metal. The process begins by placing an anode and a cathode in a chemical bath. An electrical charge is passed between the two, causing negatively and positively charged ions to move from the anode to the cathode. Once the part is coated, it is considered a part of a hybrid material that is made up of two different metals, one being the base material and one being the finish.

The Ultimate Secret Of The Basics Of Electroplating

The basic process of electroplating is quite simple. The metal that is being plated needs to be in contact with an electrode, which is usually a non-metallic substance. The electrode needs to conduct electricity in order to make the metal adhere to it. Graphite is a commonly used electrode. The plating process is also known as a chemical remelting process. In an industrial setting, the materials are mixed into a solution and placed in a tank of an acid to remove the copper from the surface.

In a commercial electroplating process, the metals used for the electrodes are deposited onto the part to be plated. The electrodes are surrounded by an electrolytic solution made of a mixture of copper sulfate and other metal salts. The electroplating reaction takes place in the solution, which facilitates the flow of electricity. The power source adds an electric current to the system and introduces the electrodes.